Zambia Facts

Zambia, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, is known for its diverse landscapes, rich wildlife, and vibrant culture. From the majestic Victoria Falls to the vast plains of its national parks, Zambia offers travelers a wealth of experiences to explore.


  • Located in Southern Africa, Zambia is bordered by eight countries: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • The country’s capital and largest city is Lusaka, situated in the southern part of Zambia.
  • Zambia’s terrain is characterized by diverse landscapes, including savannahs, forests, wetlands, and the Zambezi River basin.
  • Victoria Falls, one of the most famous natural attractions in the world, is located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.


  • Zambia gained independence from British colonial rule on October 24, 1964, becoming the Republic of Zambia.
  • The country was previously known as Northern Rhodesia during the colonial era, named after Cecil Rhodes, a British imperialist.
  • Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia’s first president, played a key role in the country’s struggle for independence and served as president from 1964 to 1991.
  • Zambia is known for its role in the liberation struggles of other African countries, providing support and refuge to liberation movements such as the African National Congress (ANC) of South Africa.


  • Zambia is home to over 70 ethnic groups, each with its own language, traditions, and cultural practices.
  • The official language of Zambia is English, inherited from its colonial past, but Bantu languages such as Bemba, Nyanja, Tonga, and Lozi are widely spoken.
  • Traditional ceremonies and festivals are an integral part of Zambian culture, celebrating events such as harvests, rites of passage, and historical milestones.
  • Music and dance play a significant role in Zambian culture, with traditional instruments such as drums, xylophones, and thumb pianos used in performances.


  • Zambia boasts a rich diversity of wildlife, with over 200 mammal species and 700 bird species recorded in its national parks and game reserves.
  • South Luangwa National Park is renowned for its population of leopards, as well as elephants, lions, hippos, and African wild dogs.
  • Kafue National Park, Zambia’s largest national park, is home to a variety of predators, including lions, cheetahs, and leopards, as well as antelopes, zebras, and buffalo.
  • Liuwa Plain National Park hosts one of Africa’s largest wildebeest migrations, attracting visitors to witness this natural spectacle.


  • Zambia’s economy is heavily dependent on copper mining, with copper being the country’s main export commodity.
  • Agriculture is also a significant sector of the economy, employing a large portion of the population and contributing to food security and rural livelihoods.
  • The tourism industry plays an important role in Zambia’s economy, attracting visitors to its national parks, wildlife reserves, and cultural attractions.
  • Challenges facing Zambia’s economy include poverty, unemployment, income inequality, and infrastructure deficits.


  • Zambia has a network of transportation infrastructure, including roads, railways, and airports, connecting major cities and regions within the country.
  • The TAZARA Railway, completed in 1976, links Zambia’s Copperbelt Province with the port of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, providing a vital transportation link for landlocked Zambia.
  • Kenneth Kaunda International Airport in Lusaka is the country’s main gateway for international flights, serving as a hub for both domestic and international travel.
  • Despite efforts to improve infrastructure, Zambia faces challenges such as inadequate road maintenance, limited access to electricity, and water supply shortages in some areas.


  • Zambia is a popular destination for safari enthusiasts, offering opportunities for game drives, walking safaris, and birdwatching in its national parks and game reserves.
  • Victoria Falls, one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, attracts visitors from around the globe to witness its awe-inspiring beauty and participate in adventure activities such as bungee jumping and white-water rafting.
  • Cultural tourism is also a growing segment of Zambia’s tourism industry, with visitors exploring traditional villages, attending cultural festivals, and experiencing local customs and traditions.
  • Sustainable tourism practices are promoted in Zambia, aiming to conserve natural resources, support local communities, and preserve cultural heritage for future generations.

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